|Title||Physical-Cyber-Social Computing: Looking Back, Looking Forward|
|Publication Type||Magazine Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Payam Barnaghi, Amit Sheth, Vivek Singh, Manfred Hauswirth|
|Magazine||IEEE Internet Computing|
|Keywords||Big Data, Internet of Things, Internet/Web technologies, IoT, PCS, physical-cyber-social computing, Web of Things|
Physical-cyber-social (PCS) computing involves a holistic treatment of data, information, and knowledge from the physical, cyber, and social worlds to integrate, understand, correlate, and provide contextually relevant abstractions to humans and the applications that serve them. PCS computing extends current progress in cyber-physical, socio-technical, and cyber-social systems. Here, the guest editors consider powerful ways to exploit data available through various Internet of Things (IoT), citizen and social sensing, Web, and open data sources that are seeing explosive growth. This special issue highlights a variety of PCS applications, such as smart firefighting, intelligent infrastructure, and user guidance in an airport.