Schematic and Semantic Similarities between Database Objects: A Context-based Approach

TitleSchematic and Semantic Similarities between Database Objects: A Context-based Approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsAmit Sheth, Vipul Kashyap
JournalVLDB Journal
Keywordsassociation context, constraint context, context representation, economy of reasoning, economy of representation, information abstraction, language in context, ontology in context, partial context, query context, real-world semantics, schema correspondence, semantic equivalence, semantic incompatibility, semantic proximity, semantic relationship, semantic relevance, semantic resemblance, semantic similarity, specificity of relationship, structural representation

In a multidatabase system, schematic conflicts between two objects are usually of interest only when the objects have some semantic similarity. We use the concept of semantic proximity, which is essentially an abstraction/mapping between the domains of the two objects associated with the context of comparison. An explicit though partial context representation is proposed and the specificity relationship between contexts is defined. The contexts are organized as a meet semi-lattice and associated operations like the greatest lower bound (glb) are defined. The context of comparison and the type of abstractions used to relate the two objects form the basis of a semantic taxonomy. At the semantic level, the intentional description of database objects provided by the context is expressed in a description logic language. Schema correspondences are used to store mappings from the semantic level to the data level and are associated with the respective contexts. Inferences about database content at the federation level are modeled as changes in the context and the associated schema correspondences. We try to reconcile the dual (schematic and semantic) perspectives by: enumerating possible semantic similarities between objects having schema and data conflicts, and modeling schema correspondences as the projection of semantic proximity wrt context.

Full Text

V. Kashyap and A. Sheth, 'Schematic and Semantic Similarities between Database Objects: A Context-based Approach,' VLDB Journal 5 (no. 4), October 1996, pp. 276-304.
project: InfoQuilt
publisher: VLDB Journal
year: 1996
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